Category Archives: Middle East

The Intractable Riddle: US Policy in the Middle East

Middle eastern foreign policy is the one topic assured to bring the house down around the ears, no matter what position may be taken.  The continued ill-will between the Palestinians and the Israelis is at once both one of the most complex and nuanced of conflicts, and one of the most blatantly bisected into warring quarters.   Sometimes we also forget that what is foreign policy for us, is someone else’s domestic policy.

Recommended Reading

Nahum Goldmann, “The Future of Israel,” Foreign Affairs, April 1970.  There is much to be extracted from this piece, even though it is framed in Cold War terms and assumes the polarization of the Soviet Union and the United States.  Among other insightful statements, Goldmann offers the prescient comment that gains secured by force of arms are, by their very nature, transient.

The domestic politics of Israel are summarized, albeit too briefly, in Brent Sasley’s “The Domestic Politics of Israeli Peacemaking,” Foreign Policy, July 22, 2013.  A piece in the Cyprus Mail, brings the problems into sharper focus:

“Recent statements by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu suggest that he is increasingly aware of the fundamental dilemma that Israel is bound to face: If it holds on to the occupied territories, it will be forced to choose between being a Jewish but non-democratic state and being a democratic state but seeing the Jews become a minority in their own land. It is unclear whether this dilemma is a pressing concern for the current government, but the fact that Netanyahu brought it up is quite significant.” [CM March 11, 2014]

On the other side of the border, Hamas won the 2006 elections in Gaza, but it’s hardly the only group in play.  The Jewish Policy Center has  thumb-nail sketches of the other players in the game as they were constituted as of May 2012.  Just as there are segments of Israeli politics which are incorporated into the mix of domestic/foreign politics, there are several groups which have adherents in Gaza who are not directly associated with Hamas.

Palestinian Islamic Jihad is once such group, supported by Iran, it is apolitical and primarily interested in armed resistance to Israel, [CFR]  The Al-Quds Brigade has also made its presence known in the recent conflicts with Israel, as the armed wing of the PIJ. [Al Arabiya] Efforts to negotiate any truce or even cease fire agreements has to acknowledge that the Azzeddine el-Kasam (armed wing of Hamas) may or may not be able to control the PIJ or coordinate with it.  In sum, there is no shortage of groups of varying physical capacities, membership, affiliation, and ideological strains in Gaza. Nor is one likely to find an undated  ‘scorecard’ which includes all the possible variations.*

Our Domestic Issues

The right wing talking point of the day is that Secretary of State John Kerry is “feckless.” This category would include almost anyone who (1) isn’t following the Israeli lead unconditionally, and (2) has the temerity to suggest that there are other players in the game who have some, even small, parts which might be inserted into the script.

Consider for a moment, the last cease fire negotiated, the one in which the Egyptian government (Muslim Brotherhood) was trusted by Hamas, and could assert pressure on the government in Gaza to accept terms.  Since the ouster of the government in September 2013, the now clearly anti-Hamas Egyptian government no longer has leverage in the situation in Gaza.  Israel, no doubt would prefer to have the military government of Egypt as the interlocutor, but this seems almost like wishful thinking for times now gone in the rubble of Egyptian politics.  Secretary Kerry suggested two other interlocutors — Qatar and Turkey — which now may have more leverage with Hamas, to the fury of the Israeli press. [Haaretz]

While the shuffling and realignment of Hamas and its allies plays out the role of the Palestinian Authority remains a problem. Does acknowledging Gazan/Hamas issues necessarily diminish the clout of the Palestinian Authority?  How can we keep Egypt engaged in the peace process while accepting that the Gazan/Hamas government doesn’t have much use for their services?

Is it enough to say that a cease fire — who’s even hoping for a truce now? — mentions “addressing security issues” as an umbrella for more specific discussions, or must the agreement include particular security issues to be resolved, or at least discussed? And, by whom?

Complicating the matter even more are the charges and counter-charges shedding  more heat than light on the subject.  Even a comparatively innocuous timeline of events in Gaza drew angry fire from commenters who decried its failure to include elements of the conflict going back to the foundation of the state of Israel, and the validation of Palestinian claims after World War I. [CNN]

At the very least we have a conflict in which Goldmann’s central question from 1970 (Is Israel a democracy with a Jewish minority, or a Jewish state without a democracy?) and his secondary question, (How does one disentangle a question in which there is no right or wrong, but two rights in conflict?) both remain unanswered.

See also: Palestinian Islamic Jihad, al Quds Brigades, Fatah, PFLP  Abu Ali Mustafa Brigades, Popular Resistance Committees, Salafi-Jihadist (Jaish al-Islam) and Tawid wa al-Jihad.

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Filed under Foreign Policy, Israel, Middle East, Politics

>Sunday Morning Weather: Partly Cloudy with Intermittent Thunderstorms, Partly Sunny Later: Health Care Fog

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The weather forecast for the next few days in northern Nevada parallels the news, mostly cloudy prospects, brief harsh stormy stuff, and short periods when the sun breaks through.

Clouds: There is an attempt by the House Minority Leader Rep. John Boehner (R-OH) to equate the present situation in terms of health care insurance coverage reform with the situation in 1993. According to Boehner, “In his own weekly media availability, House Minority Leader John Boehner said he’s “opposed to a government option. Period.” Boehner said a government-run healthcare plan would make going to the doctor like going to the DMV.” [CBS] Not exactly. First, the “waiting in line at the DMV” analogy assumes the veracity of the urban legend that Americans spend a significant portion of their lives standing in line for driver’s licenses and license plates; however, it doesn’t acknowledge the amount of time Americans spend waiting to see an overbooked physician (chosen because he or she is on the PPO or HMO’s list of providers). Nor does the analogy acknowledge that it takes time to get an appointment in the first place. An actual comparison would be detrimental to the GOP’s argument.

Secondly, Boehner and company argue that the public option would be unfair competition for the health insurance corporations. Not exactly. The industry was displeased last March when two Congressmen, Gene Taylor (D-MS) and Peter DeFazio (D-OR), introduced H.R. 1583 which if enacted would repeal the McCarran-Ferguson Act insurance industry antitrust exemption. Reduced to the simplest terms, the 1945 act allows the states to regulate insurance without federal interference if the state already does so. The federal anti-trust laws do not apply to insurance businesses as long as there is state regulation in place. The insurance industry has, itself, acknowledged that repealing McCarran-Ferguson would have the effect of increasing competition by allowing smaller insurers to compete with larger ones. [III] The industry giants argue that this exemption allows them to operate with “larger data pools” thus reducing rates. It’s extremely difficult to argue that the corporate insurance giants are being unfairly targeted by public option insurance plans when they aren’t the least bit interested in competing with their smaller private competitors.

Boehner’s Retro-Argument, that the government will “come between you and your doctor,” ignores the uncomfortable fact of life that at the moment the Insurance Corporations are the ones standing between individuals and their physicians with “preferred provider lists,” and the HMO authorized physicians. One of the nicer things about being over 65 is that Medicare has no such lists, and no restrictions on which doctor in what area one might wish to see. What Congressman Boehner is saying, in essense, is that it is perfectly acceptable to have the Insurance Corporations standing between you and your doctor, but not to have the public option in which there is no one standing between you and your physician of choice. In short, Boehner’s argument isn’t so much cloudy as it is pure fog.
Read more at “Health Care Reform: The Cost of Inaction.”

Intermittent Thunderstorms: “Pakistan Taliban leader faces threat from fellow tribesman” but this might also increase the violence in Afghanistan. [McClatchy] “Blast in Pakistan market kills 8, U.S. drones strike” [Reuters] “US condemns North Korean Threat” [BBC] “Adoption of Security Council Resolution 1874 on North Korea, June 12, 2009” [USDoS]

Partly Sunny: “Tyson Foods sentence to pay fine for OSHA violation that led to worker death” [USDoJ] The Department of Justice has launched an investigation into federal crimes in connection with the murder of Dr. George Tiller. [USDoJ] The National Task Force on Violence Against Health Care Providers is back in operation. [NTFVAHCP]

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Filed under Heath Insurance, Middle East, Women's Issues

>Bits, Pieces, and Interesting Reading

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The Las Vegas Sun does a post mortem on the 75th session of the Nevada Legislature, with another article that says it was “mostly a wash.” More than we probably ever wanted to know about eTreppid, Montgomery, Trepp, and a Governor who managed to get tangled up in the mess, LVRJ. The worst news is that the eTreppid contract was “typical for the military,” which doesn’t say much for military procurement practices. See: Vote Gibbons Out. However, Bunnatine Greenhouse had been trying to get that point across for ages.

“Sensitive military technology easily bought and sent to foreign countries,” [NextGov] “Export Controls: Fundamental re-examination of system is needed to help protect critical technologies” [GAO summary] “Murray, Shelby face off before Air Force Secretary on tanker” [SeattlePI]

If these folks are conservatives, I’m delighted to be a liberal: “Suspect in abortion doctor death warns of violence,” [HuffPo] “Report: Before Congressional run, Scarborough represented killer of abortion doctor” [TPMM] “Buchanan: After assaulting black woman, calling her N—,’Epstein was ‘lynched.'” [TPMM] “Gingrich shifts rhetoric on Sotomayor, calls her a ‘racialist'” [TP] The numbskull who threatened to kill the President has been arrested in a Laughlin, NV casino parking lot. [LVSun]

If these people are so ‘pro-life’ why aren’t they besieging legislators who won’t enact immunization programs for toddlers, who won’t vote for lower class sizes in elementary schools, who won’t support additional paid maternity leave, and who won’t champion paying working family members a living wage? “Abortion providers voice safety concerns,” [Wichita Eagle] “Abortion providers need more protection,” [KCStar] “Mississippi abortion clinic seeks additional protection” [Jackson] “Clinics in the crosshairs” [WaPo] “Anti-abortion groups dodge fallout from Tiller murder” [MichMes]

Who left the so-called “Conscience Rule” on the books? A couple of weeks ago, House GOP members James Sensenbrenner (R-WI), John Fleming (R-LA), and Chris Smith (R-NJ) sent a letter to the White House with “renewed hope” the Bushian regulations would be reinstated. [The Hill]

Watching Wal-Mart: “Union members rally at St. Paul Wal-Mart” [MNIndy] (complete with video) “Wal-Mart shortlists TCS, Infosys, Wipro for $500 million (outsourcing) deal” [EconTimes]

Hurricane Season: “Katrina’s FEMA trailers might be going for a buck” [MiamiHerald] “Hurricane Katrina victims sue Louisiana Government” [JNF] “Foreclosed Florida homes considered for hurricane shelters” [MiamiHerald] “Flood fears in South Florida, huge levee needs repairs; insurance costs may rise” [SunSentinel] Now, where have we heard about levees needing repair before?

When you get that chain e-mail from cousin Fester about “SB 2099” putting a $50 tax on your firearm – There is no such bill. A bill concerning hand gun registration was introduced back in the 106th Congress and died in committee, it has never been re-introduced. [Fact Check]

“March 14 group claims Lebanon win” (pro-western political group) [AlJaz] “Five US contractors held over in Iraq killing” [BBC] “Briton fined over Iraq oil scam” [BBC] “Rebels kill Pakistan Islamists” [BBC] “13 die in Karachi target killings” [PDailyTimes] “Villagers besiege 200 Taliban in Dir” [PDailyTimes] “Pakistan’s Refugee Crisis – Queen Noor” [HuffPo] “Pakistan’s Refugee Crisis -Washington Note” [WN]

Blog Posts of Note: “Congress has another chance to make the right choice on transit stimulus dollars” [Wonk Room] “The Privatization of Obama’s War” [Unbossed] “Newsmakers 1972” [Hullabaloo]

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Filed under Defense spending, Gibbons, Middle East, Women's Issues

>Overnight Express: News Roundup

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** Secretary of the Interior, Ken Salazer, has pledged to open four renewable energy permitting offices, and to create renewable energy teams. Four states have been selected: Nevada, Wyoming, California, and Arizona. [DoI]

** Bid’ness News – The Hedge Fund Boyz lose again: This round a federal bankruptcy judge has ruled against their attempt to stop the sale of Chrysler assets saying there is evidence of an “urgent need for the deal to be consummated.” [Reuters] “GM may report loss tomorrow ahead of June 1 bankruptcy filing” [Bloomberg] The Bank of America has been told it needs $33.9 billion in capital to withstand any additional decline in the U.S. economy. [NYT] Almost 25% of U.S. homeowners are ‘underwater’ on their mortgages. [Bloomberg] “Gender gap ‘off the charts’ in current recession” [ColIndy]

The vulture funds are looking at small hometown banks [NYT] “Some Aspects of our Industry Seem Greedy” an interview with a Goldman Sachs exec in Der Spiegel. “Pension Privateers: How the boss absconded with your benefits” [Mother Jones] “AIG bonus pool gets bigger” [TDB]

** Polly Ticks – Michelle Bachmann (R-Planet X) is channeling Ron Paul (?-TX) [MNIndy] Two Minnesota DFL Party members will compete to run against Bachmann next round. [MNIndy] And, that Senate Race? “Bush lawyer is Fox’s lone expert pushing Coleman-Franken to federal courts” (None other than Hans “Vote Suppression Meister” von Spakovsky). [MNIndy] “Republicans are against it – whatever it is” [Salon] “Profiling the GOP: Contami-i-nation” [Nation]

** Afpak-istan – “Karzai seeks ‘civilian surge’ likely beyond U.S. capacity” [WashIndy] “Holbrooke backs embattled Pakistan government” [WashIndy] “A new approach to Karzai” [WaPo] Swat residents are fleeing their homes [BBC] “Doubts remain as Sharia bill signed” [BBC] Pakistan fears an exodus from Swat valley [AJN] Up to 100 civilians feared dead in US air raids in Afghanistan [GuardianUK] “How Dangerous are the Taliban?” [Foreign Affairs]

** Muddle East – UN Report says Israeli military intentionally fired at UN facilities in Gaza [AJN] [BBC] Four arrested in West Bank unrest [BBC]

** Remembering Haiti every once in awhile – “Obama administration reconsiders Haitian policy” [SunSent] Perhaps this is as good a time as any to review Secretary Clinton’s remarks during her April visit.

** Tortured Logic – “Limiting food aided ‘enhanced interrogations: Justice Department memo describes liquid diets for detainees” [WashIndy] “Torture memos: inquiry suggests no prosecutions” [NYT] “Judgment Day May be Approaching for CIA agents (el-Masri Case) [Der Spiegel] “The reluctant enablers of torture…mental health professionals raised questions about harsh interrogations” [Salon] “Interrogating Torture” [New Yorker]

** Ecology – “EPA proposes changes to biofuel regulations” [WaPo] West coast ports make for ‘greener’ shipping [LAT] Motorcycle smog tests proposed in California [LAT] Thousands flee Brazilian floods [BBC] “Waxman hits back on climate change” [The Hill]

** Psych Turf – right wing commentator Michael “savage” Weiner announced he wants to sue the UK after finding himself on their “Do Not Come” list. [BBC]

desertbeacon.blogspot.com

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Filed under ecology, Economy, Middle East, Politics, torture

>Quick Clips: Retroactive Immunity, Hepatitis in Vegas, Medicare Rule Impact in Nevada and other Bush Administration disasters

>For those who have the time, today might be a good day to contact congressional representatives about the continuing issue of retroactive immunity for telecom corporations that cooperated with the Bush Administration’s domestic spying program. Nevada citizens may want to contact Rep. Berkley, Rep. Porter, and now 420th ranked Rep. Dean Heller. There appears to be some movement toward “caving” into the demand for retroactive immunity in which the members of the Intelligence Committees are at odds with those who have other committee assignments; this was quite evidently the case in the Senate, and that division appears to be happening in the House as well. TPM Muckraker offers a summary of the situation thus far. Paul Kiel provides an analysis of the status of the PAA.

The Las Vegas Sun raises “Questions on everyone’s mind” about the Hepatitis scandal and headlines “Take a grain of salt and read this: clinic owner defends practices in ad.” The LVRJ weighs in with “Public Health Crisis: Criminal inquiry starts,” and reports that “Related clinics (are) closed.”

Bay of Piggies: This paragraph should be sufficient to entice a person to read the Vanity Fair’s exposé on the Bush Administration’s fiasco in regard to the Palestinian elections: “Vanity Fair has obtained confidential documents, since corroborated by sources in the U.S. and Palestine, which lay bare a covert initiative, approved by Bush and implemented by Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and Deputy National Security Adviser Elliott Abrams, to provoke a Palestinian civil war. The plan was for forces led by Dahlan, and armed with new weapons supplied at America’s behest, to give Fatah the muscle it needed to remove the democratically elected Hamas-led government from power. (The State Department declined to comment.)”

The Mukasey Paradox: As is quite often the case, Prof. Jonathan Turley nails the essential problem with Bush Administration “logic” in this terse summation: “In his twisting of legal principles, the attorney general has succeeded in creating a perfect paradox. Under Mukasey’s Paradox, lawyers cannot commit crimes when they act under the orders of a president — and a president cannot commit a crime when he acts under advice of lawyers.” [LAT] Perfect. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) has already commented on this issue: “The American people demand that we uphold the law. As public officials, we take an oath to uphold the Constitution and protect our system of checks and balances and our civil lawsuit seeks to do just that.”

Bush Administration Medicaid cuts slash deep: Nevada stands to lose an unspecified amount of funds for public providers of Medicare services; $2.1 million over five years in payments for graduate medical education; more losses in payments for outpatient hospital services; approximately $5.4 million lost in provider taxes; another $50.4 million over five years in coverage for rehabilitative services; $4.5 million lost in payments for school administrative and transportation for children’s access to school district staff with assistance with Medicaid enrollment or in accessing Medicaid benefits; an unspecified loss in funding for targeted case management, which could total some $28 million. [MedSum pdf] The House Committee on Oversight provides a state by state summary of what the Administration’s proposal will cost. And, if you’re thinking that this approach to medical care is bad; wait until you read what California has in mind for a “disaster plan” to respond to a “Katrina-like” (read earthquake, wildland fire) emergency. [Sac Bee] via [DKos]

Another wreck for the Straight Talk Express: While attempting to deflect criticism of his associations with lobbyists, the McCain Campaign has — hired another lobbyist. [AmerBlog] The Nation offers more in “The Real McCain Scandal,” (sub req) see also: Carpetbagger Report

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>Diversion 101: White House pre-emptive strike on headlines of the day?

>Now, why would the first comment from White House Spokesman Tony Snow at today’s press session be one of those incessant GOP whines for some Democrat to apologize? This time, the target is Senator Harry Reid (D-NV) for calling General Pace incompetent. Question: If General Pace were so competent, as the commenter said on “Countdown” this evening, then why didn’t the President support his continuation as head of the Joint Chiefs of Staff? Could it be that the White House would like for the Republican Echo Chamber to have something to wail about besides the following:

(1) “Libby loses bid to stay out of jail for appeal” Washington Post — or
(2) “Takeover by Hamas illustrates failure of Bush’s Mideast vision” Washington Post — or
(3) “White House seems ready to let Hamas seize Gaza” New York Times — or
(4) “Palestine government collapses amid fighting” Los Angeles Times — or, perhaps we could discuss what’s going on over at the Department of Justice?

(5) “Gonzales meeting with aide scrutinized: Justice Department checking for possible wrongdoing” Washington Post — or
(6) “Justice Department expands inquiry of Gonzales” New York Times — or
(7 ) “Democrats subpoena Miers in attorneys probe” San Francisco Chronicle — or maybe the Administration would like to talk about health care or the economy?

(8) “Rising rates start to squeeze consumers and companies” New York Times — or
(9) “In health care, cost isn’t proof of high quality” New York Times — or
(10) “More trouble in subprime mortgages” New York Times — or
(11) “America’s exploding mortgage crisis reveals that home ownership isn’t paradise for everyone” Dollars and Sense (via Alternet) — or
(12) “Fuel pushes up US producer prices” BBC — or, how about some of the “under the radar” news of the day?

(13) “Fort Lauderdale law firm sues Chiquita” (on behalf of 22 people killed by groups receiving financing by the company) Miami Herald — or
(14) “Colgate warns of fake toothpaste in U.S.” Boston Globe — or
(15) “FEMA may have authorized flood insurance overbilling” New Orleans Times Picayune
(16 )
“$485 million overpaid to storm victims” USA Today
(17)
“Guard running low on equipment” USA Today

Those headlines look ever so much like 17 very good reasons to try to change the subject?
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Senate Republicans may not be united on immigration policy, but when someone suggests that utilities be required to use more wind, solar, and other renewable resources to produce electricity — instead of fossil fuels; then the Senate GOP fossils line up and link arms against it. [NYT] Senator John Warner (R-VA) offered an amendment to the Energy Bill (H.R. 6) to allow drilling off the coast of Virginia for natural gas. It was defeated 43-44. [Roll Call 212] Nevada Senator Harry Reid voted “no,” and Senator John Ensign is recorded as “not voting.”

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>Overnight Express

>Waffling Force meets Immovable Object? Nevada Assembly Speaker Barbara Buckley (D-LV) is opposed to Governor “Gaffe” Gibbons’ education program, which as Vote Gibbons Out notes requires that the Governor stop funding programs that do work to try something untested. [RGJ] Also of note is that the Governor’s so-called empowerment plan adds the burden of testing a new program just as the Clark County School District is “bracing for a brain drain.” (in experienced administrators)[LVSun] While there’s something to be said for the “New Programs – New Blood” theory of management, there is an equally compelling argument to be made that when an institution has new people trying to implement new systems without the benefit of institutional networks and institutional memory, the results can be one unfortunate muddle after another — until the original plan is barely discernible.

Get Real? The Real ID Act and its impact on the Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles will be the focus of a joint Senate – Assembly budget panel on Tuesday, Feb. 13. [NA]

No surprise…diplomacy works. A tentative agreement has been reached with North Korea in which a dissolution of their nuclear arms program in return for energy aid. Not surprisingly, former Bush ambassador to the UN, John Bolton, doesn’t like it. Also unsurprising is that the deal, “…Tuesday’s accord is expected to resemble an earlier bargain with North Korea, the Agreed Framework reached in 1994 during the Clinton administration but renounced eight years later during the Bush administration.” [WaPo]

Who’s out of touch?
New Gallup Poll Results show 51% of Americans want a non-binding Congressional resolution opposing the Bush surge/escalation plan for Iraq. 57% want a cap on troop levels. 63% want a timetable to withdraw all U.S. troops by the end of 2008. 58% oppose denying funding for additional troops. [USAT]

Philip D. Zelikow, former aid to Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, may have let the cat out of the bag about why the military in Iraq were chosen to roll out the slide show of weapons alleged to be provided by Iran to unspecified insurgents in Iraq. “He said the administration was trying to overcome public distrust by asking, in essence, “Don’t you trust our soldiers?” [NYT] Trust might be more easy to come by had the briefing not been “anonymous,” had reporters been given information necessary to confirm its veracity, and had the Bush Administration supplied any evidence that the weapons were provided with the imprimatur of the Iranian government. Otherwise, one could ask, “If a Toyota truck is the terrorists’ choice for use as a car bomb, then is Japan responsible?”

And the rest of the Middle East is feeling the heat from the Iraq Occupation and other hotspots — Somali Islamists are seeking refuge in Yemen [CSM] and the once “strictly secular” Syria is experiencing an increase in Sunni vs. Shia tensions. [CSM] The conflict is also escalating in Pakistan. [CSM] A member of Hosni Mubarak’s ruling party in Egypt is so frustrated with the Israeli renovation of the Mughrabi walkway near the Temple Mount, he fears is destroying the Al Aksa Mosque, that he said nothing but a nuke would work with Israel. Some parliament members were urging that all Egyptian-Israeli peace accords be scrapped. [JP] The Jordanian government has requested that the UN put pressure on the Israelis to stop work near the ultra-sensitive mosque. “King Abdullah warned Israel against its actions, saying the dig would deal a heavy blow to peace efforts between the Jewish state and Arab countries. And Jordanian Ambassador to Israel Ali Ayed lodged a complaint and demanded Israel halt the digging.” [Jordan Times]

Who will make the top ten? Ceres, an environmentally conscious investment group will be releasing its list of the Top Ten Global Warming “laggards” Tuesday, among them Exxon Mobil, ConocoPhillips, and Bed, Bath and Beyond. [BW]

Thus much for protecting the little guy…the SEC is taking steps to protect “corporations, executives and accounting firms from investor lawsuits that accuse them of fraud. “Last Friday, the commission filed a little-noticed brief in the Supreme Court urging the adoption of a legal standard that would make it harder for shareholders to prevail in fraud lawsuits against publicly traded companies and their executives. At the same time, the agency’s chief accountant told a conference that it was considering ways to protect accounting firms from large damage awards in cases brought by investors and companies.” [NYT] The SEC chairman is afraid of “professional plaintiffs,” could those be shareholders trying to make the companies environmentally conscious, or those seeking to make the corporations play by the rules?

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Filed under corruption, ecology, Iran, Iraq, Middle East, Nevada legislature, North Korea, Real ID