Tag Archives: FRED

Blogging by Gaslight: Economic Numbers Edition

Once upon a time, say about 16 months ago, keeping a daily commentary running on various topics  was fairly easy because there was an expectation of — if not accuracy — at least a separation of facts from fantasy.  No more.  Through the presidencies of Bush and Obama there were days with good news, bad news, and news that could be good or bad depending on how the event was interpreted in context.  However, in an age of Gaslight there’s no context, just noisy pronouncements intended for a 38% audience which doesn’t care about news, merely affirmation.

Let’s start with economic growth, as measured by the GDP quarter over quarter, here’s the graph from the Bureau of Economic Analysis:

GDP Q1 18













Okay, it should be reasonably obvious the percentage change from the previous quarter isn’t the Greatest Ever.  It increased at an annualized rate of about 2.3% in the latest report for the first quarter of 2018.   Nothing too exciting here.  Nor is this anything to be ashamed of unless, of course, the intent is to be The Best Ever All Time In The Whole Wide World.

The news from the Department of Labor isn’t all that bad either:

In April, the unemployment rate edged down to 3.9 percent, following 6 months at 4.1 percent. The number of unemployed persons, at 6.3 million, also edged down over the month. (See table A-1.)  Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for adult women decreased to 3.5 percent in April. The jobless rates for adult men (3.7 percent), teenagers (12.9 percent), Whites (3.6 percent), Blacks (6.6 percent), Asians (2.8 percent), and Hispanics (4.8 percent) showed little or no change over the month. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

However, the Gaslight phrase of the day tells us that Black unemployment is the Lowest Ever!  Not quite — there was always that 100% employment situation before the southern surrender at Appomattox Courthouse — but we do need to notice that Black unemployment is 3% higher than that for whites. We also need to attend to the fact that employment for women is what pulled the rate down while other categories showed “little or no change.”

Yes, there’s some good news here — at least most unemployment categories didn’t increase, and the situation for women improved — but when hyperbole rules the roost the standards are impossible, and lying is required to fill the space between the numbers and the analysis.  A bit less hyperbole, a whole lot less gaslight, and a bit more cogent evaluation would be helpful.

Given the propensity for hyperbole, gaslight, and outright prevarication from the current administration headliners, it’s often a good idea to DIY economic numbers and trend graphs (remember to read the notes!)

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Filed under Economy, Politics

DIY Economic News for 2018: Some Suggestions and Sources

The gripe noting the emphasis (or narrow focus) on stock market “news” is a recurring one on this blog, but perhaps it’s high time to suggest some sources which will provide a more comprehensive picture than merely stock market numbers and unemployment figures.  Here are a few for your viewing pleasure:

Labor Information:  What we get on television broadcasts and from most print media are national numbers, however this obfuscates the point that not all parts of the country are experiencing employment (and unemployment) in the same way.   To find out more about state and local employment there’s information available from the Bureau of Labor Statistics at this page. Nevada, for example, is in the western region in the BLS categorization of various statistics, and more specifically as the national unemployment rate is 3.9% nationally (October 2017) the Clark County rate is 5.1%.(pdf)  Although employment in the construction sector is up in Clark County, NV, the rate is altogether to close to that of Cleveland, OH  which was 5.2% (pdf)  Unlike Clark County, which saw a decrease in unemployment, Cleveland actually ticked up from 2016’s 5.1% to 5.2%.   Using the handy interactive from the BLS link give will allow a person to see differences within a state, such as the 5.1% unemployment rate in Las Vegas and the 3.9% unemployment rate in the Reno area. (pdf)

A summary of state unemployment rates is available from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. As of November 2017 the lowest unemployment rate in the country is in Hawaii (2.0%) and the highest unemployment rate belongs to Alaska which has a rate of 7.2%.

The BLS also provides employment projections (for the next 10 years) complete with a graphic illustrating the fastest growing occupations.  Presidential climate change denial notwithstanding, we should observe that the two fastest growing occupations are solar photovoltaic  installers (105.3% increase) and wind turbine technicians (96.1% increase).

A few recommended bookmarks:  AFL-CIO website;  UAW website; SEIU website;  Nevadans will want to keep up with Culinary Worker’s news;  the Communications Workers of America is also highly informative.   Labor Notes is also recommended.

Income Information:  For those who don’t have FRED bookmarked — please do, you’ll be pleased with yourself for doing so.  One of the many topics covered and charted is median household income.   A person can also find information about the Income GINI Ratio for Households (by race), and Real Mean Personal Income.   It would be difficult to imagine what information Isn’t available from FRED.

Once in a blue moon the media reports on the release of the Beige Book from the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve.  It is a compilation of anecdotal reports from each of the Federal Reserve districts, and is useful for those wanting to drill down into regional economic conditions.  It’s published eight times per year, with the next release due out on January 17, 2018.

The St. Louis Fed provides FRED, and the New York Federal Reserve is the go-to place for information about debt, from student to household.  See their Center for Microeconomic Data.  The NY Fed has its own blog, also informative on a variety of topics.   Readers might like to start with the NY Fed’s report on political polarization and consumer expectations.

There’s FRED, the Beige Book, and the NY Fed, and then there’s the Census Bureau, which tracks income inequality.

There are thousands of more sources and links which will prove helpful to those interested in economic trends, and this is by NO means a comprehensive list.  However, I do hope these links will indicate to any reader that there is a wide variety of sources describing our economy going well beyond the narrow focus on stock market numbers and unemployment statistics!

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Filed under Economy, Nevada, Nevada economy, Politics

More Fun with FRED: Someone’s Doing Fine, The Banks

Nudge, nudge, shove, shove. If you’ve not already found FRED, it is a veritable Eden of make your own graph fun from the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.

Since the horrific moments when the banking system in the United States almost melted down under the weight of its own toxic assets, the result of their avaricious appetite for mortgages to transform into CDOs, and the consequent collapse of the Wall Street Casino in 2008, some sectors of the economy are doing better than others.  The banking sector’s lines seem to be headed in the right direction.

Consider the following graphs:

Their returns are going up, their nonperforming loans and net loan losses are going down.  Their profits are over the moon. So, why are the bankers worried about another four years of the Obama Administration?  A quick answer: The Dodd-Frank Act.

One of the goals of the financial regulation reforms included in the Dodd-Frank Act was to create more transparency in the trading of credit default swaps.   There was a reason investor extraordinaire Warren Buffett called such trades “financial weapons of mass destruction.”   Opponents of regulation argue that if the swaps must be made through an exchange the transparency might make them less attractive to investors, and less suited to their purposes.   What purpose is served if the trades are secret?  If an investment has to be secret in order to be attractive, then we’d have to ask why the purpose can’t be exposed to the light of day?  This isn’t to argue that the Dodd-Frank Act was perfect, far from it, but at least it lets a bit of sunlight into the shadows of the investment banking system.

Another goal of the Dodd-Frank Act was to mitigate the possibilities that bank holding companies who have the protection of the FDIC would abuse depositor’s funds by using them for or to backstop the activities of their trading desks.  Those who didn’t like the Bank Bailouts begun under the Bush Administration,  really shouldn’t like the attempts by the banking lobby to water down or delay the implementation of the Volcker Rule.

The GOP talking point du jour about “unnecessarily burdensome regulations” goes back to early 2011:

“House Republicans on Monday said they are drafting five bills to repeal or change parts of the Dodd-Frank financial-overhaul law that have been opposed by business groups.

The bills are to be discussed at House subcommittee hearing on Wednesday. The hearing “will provide an opportunity to discuss several proposals that address some of the act’s damaging provisions,” Rep. Scott Garrett (R., N.J.) said in a statement.” [WSJournal]

Let’s take a look at some specific Republican/Banking Lobby points of attack, i.e what do they allege are “damaging?”

Republicans aim to eliminate a piece of the law attempting to make credit-ratings firms such as Standard & Poor’s, Moody’s Investors Service and Fitch Ratings liable if their initial ratings turn out to be faulty.

House Republicans will also seek to exempt companies that use derivatives to hedge commercial risk from new requirements that they route their transactions through clearinghouses. Those companies have been lobbying for the change, arguing that the Dodd-Frank law leaves uncertainty about whether they would have to clear their derivatives trades.

They would seek to exempt private-equity fund managers from a Dodd-Frank requirement that they register with the SEC. While many larger private-equity funds are already registered with the SEC, small and midsize fund advisers have been arguing that the registration requirement is expensive and burdensome.

Republicans also aim to cancel another provision requiring publicly traded companies to disclose the median annual total compensation of all employees and calculate a ratio of how employee compensation compares with that of the chief executive.

Finally, Republicans will introduce legislation to boost the offering threshold for companies that don’t need to register with the SEC to $50 million from $5 million. Republicans say this change will make it easier for smaller companies to raise money for investment.  [WSJournal]

(1) As noted herein many times, the ratings agencies weren’t just “faulty” in the run up to the Great Bubble Bust of 2008.   Ratings agencies were paid by the issuers of the bonds (CDOs) and the better the rating the more likely they were to get paid.   Not only was the conflict of interest obvious, in some cases it was blatant.

(2) If uncertainty is a problem, then why not allow the CFTC and other regulators to make the rules and get on with it.  The Banking Lobby has all but moved Heaven and Earth to impede regulatory action.  It doesn’t do to argue that the lack of regulation clarity is a reason for deregulation when you’re doing all you can to prevent the drafting of regulations much less the implementation thereof.

(3) Why would anyone want to operate away from SEC scrutiny, if the idea is that the hedge fund is advertising itself as a good place to invest?  Yes, it may cost some money for some of the smaller funds to fill out the paperwork for SEC registration.  However, which fund is obviously a better place to park one’s money — the fund that’s registered with the SEC and accepts oversight of its operations, or the fund that isn’t registered and isn’t overseen by anyone? Are smaller hedge funds really arguing that they can’t raise money for investments because they’d have to register if they had $5 million under management?  It should appear obvious that one of the selling points of their management would be “We Are Not The Fly By Night” types — we are registered with the SEC — you can trust us.

(4) And why would any shareholder or investor not want to know if the executive compensation packages bestowed upon management are completely out of whack?  If the major money is moving to the top, and the  employees aren’t getting a fair shake, then what’s happening to the shareholders and other investors?

Senator Dean Heller (R-NV) is on record favoring the repeal of the Dodd-Frank Act because of the aforementioned “burdensome regulations.”  However, someone somewhere along the line during the 2012 campaign season ought to be asking:

(a) Do you favor a return to the system in which ratings agencies could stamp CDOs with a AAA rating without any repercussions if it were demonstrated later that the ratings were the result of a conflict of interest?

(b) Do you favor a system in which some hedge funds are allowed to operate without supervision by the SEC?  Even if they have as much as $50 billion under management?

(c) Do you favor a system in which executive compensation ratios are hidden from employees, shareholders and investors?

(d) Do you agree with the Banking Lobby’s strategy of impeding the drafting and implementation of regulations while contending that any  delay creates uncertainty?


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Filed under banking, Economy, financial regulation, Heller, Obama, Romney